SMSF Investment Strategy
It’s the responsibility of the trustees to develop an investment strategy when the self-managed super fund is set up. The trustees are also responsible for ensuring that all SMSF investment transactions are made in accordance with the strategy.
Major considerations when developing a self-managed super fund investment strategy include:
- The benefits of a diversified investment strategy to reduce risk. Investing in different types of assets (e.g. fixed interest, property and shares) helps to spread your risk. If one sector isn’t performing as strongly, others may be able to compensate. You’ll be less exposed to downturns or flat periods in a single asset class.
- The personal circumstances of members (e.g. their age, financial situation and risk profile).
- The liquidity needs of the fund and how easily its investment assets can be converted into cash. For example, to pay for the retirement benefits of the SMSF members.
- The insurance needs of fund members. For example, life insurance to cover the debts of each fund member.
The investment strategy should be reviewed regularly to ensure that returns are meeting objectives and member needs.
Are there any restrictions on self-managed super fund SMSF investments?
All the investments made by your self-managed super fund must be what are known as “arm’s length” transactions. This means that you generally can’t:
- Buy assets from your SMSF fund members, their relatives or related parties (with a few exceptions, see the next heading in this article). Related parties include business partners of any fund members, as well as any companies or trusts that members may be involved with. It also includes any employers who may contribute to the SMSF on a member’s behalf).
- Lend money to any SMSF fund members, their relatives or related parties (with a few exceptions, see the next heading in this article). Any other loans that may be made by your self-managed super fund must be on commercial terms and in the best interests of members. They must also comply with the fund’s investment strategy.
All your SMSF investment transactions must reflect true commercial values of asset purchases and sales.
Your fund also cannot borrow money to invest. If you need to arrange funds for an investment property, you need to set up a trust under a limited borrowing recourse arrangement. Legal ownership of the investment property will remain with the trust until the investment property loan is repaid. It is then transferred to your self-managed super fund.
Your fund also cannot buy any collectibles or personal use assets that are going to give any present-day benefit to members. For example, cars or boats. This is because a self-managed super fund must meet the sole purpose test of providing for members’ retirement.
What are the exceptions to acquiring self-managed super fund SMSF assets from related parties?
There are certain assets that can be acquired by your self-managed super funds, provided they are bought at market value. These assets include:
- Listed securities (for example, shares).
- Business land and property.
- In-house assets that are less than 5% of your SMSF’s total value. These in-house assets include loans to family members.
What if I don’t comply with the investment restrictions with my self-managed super fund SMSF?
If you don’t comply with self-managed super investment restrictions, there can be significant penalties imposed by the Australian Taxation Office. You can lose your SMSF tax concessions and the trustees of your fund can even be disqualified and prosecuted.
How we can help
There are multiple factors to consider when deciding whether an SMSF is a good option for you and how to structure it and manage it in the most tax effective way.
Our expert SMSF Accountants would be happy to speak or meet with you to discuss your situation. We’ll take the time to understand your circumstances and provide advice that maximises your financial position.
You can contact us on 1300 883 597. We have offices in Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne and provide full SMSF services Australia wide via internet, email and phone.